It seemed clear to the early Church that Christ would return for His Church during the lives of the Apostles. As the decades progressed and the Apostles and early leaders of the Church began to die without His return, the Church had to rethink its position and the Biblical Canon closes without being completely obvious.
Despite numerous prophetic writings within the Scriptures that would suggest otherwise, Christís Return would be in the future, unknown to mankind. Despite many attempts over the centuries to prepare the Church for what was considered His imminent return it wasnít until the 1700ís in the new hopes of America where everything
Miller toured the new country speaking fervently about the need to prepare for Christís immanent return to establish a thousand year reign on earth.
seemed new and possible that the Church took on new fervor in its hope of Christís Second Advent.
The Adventist movement began as an attempt to predict the Second Advent by William Miller and others during the later Colonial era of the United States. Despite its original radical nature in early America, Adventism is viewed more closely to conservative Protestantism.
Millerís understanding of the Second Advent was based on another scholar's dating of the Genesis creation chronology. Archbishop Ussher had concluded from his understanding of Scripture the approximate year of Creation itself. Based on this chronology Miller estimated Christ would return between March 21, 1843 and March 21, 1844. As a result, Miller toured the new country speaking fervently about the need to prepare for Christís immanent return to establish a thousand year reign on earth. As it became obvious Christ had not returned during that year, adjustments were made to the proper year.
As time went on and more dates were missed the group of believers lost interest or doubted the Second Advent at all. Many scattered in their disappointment but those who remained faithful began to form Churches that taught Christís Advent was immanent but not necessarily immediate. By 1845, an organization was founded in Albany, New York solidifying the premillennial and personal return of Christ. The Church itself will be raised from the dead at Christís return but the rest of mankind will be raised a thousand years later. At the end of this period, the earth itself will be restored to its glory before the fall of Adam and Eve and will be the eternal abode of the faithful.
Adventists are sometimes seen as pessimists because they put little hope in the current status of man and earth as rebellious against God and damaged by sin. At the same time, their teaching includes the need for righteous living, obedience to God, love for family, evangelizing the lost for salvation; all in preparation for the Second Advent of Christ.
Differences within Adventism include the recognition of the Sabbath. Should Christians adhere to the Saturday Sabbath as defined by Jews or a Sunday Sabbath as defined by the early Church. This difference has resulted in a distinct group knows as Seventh-Day Adventists who worship on Saturday rather than the traditional Sunday.
Groups practicing Adventism in the United States include the Advent Christian Church, Church of God (General Conference), Church of God (Seventh-Day) and Seventh-Day Adventists
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